Augusta Stowe-Gullen

Fonds number:
Title: Augusta Stowe-Gullen
Dates of Material:
82 cm of textual records
147 photographs: b&w
1 photograph: col.
7 photographs: 35 mm b&w negatives
1 photograph: 4x5 inch b&w negative
2 reels of 35 mm microfilm
Biographical sketch

Ann Augusta Stowe-Gullen (1857–1943) was a medical doctor, a lecturer and a suffragette. She was born in Mt. Pleasant, Ontario, the daughter of John Stowe and Emily Howard Jennings. She married John Benjamin Gullen in 1883. She died in Toronto.

Stowe-Gullen was educated at the Toronto School of Medicine, then at the Faculty of Medicine at Victoria University, Toronto, where she became an M.D. in 1883, the first woman to graduate from a Canadian medical school. Immediately after graduating she was appointed Demonstrator in Anatomy at the Woman’s Medical College in Toronto (from 1894 onwards known as the Ontario Medical College for Women). In 1890 she was appointed Lecturer on Diseases of Children, subsequently Professor of Diseases of Children. She also served among the original staff members of Toronto Western Hospital (founded in 1896).

Stowe-Gullen was a member of the Ontario College of Physicians and Surgeons, the Ontario Social Service Council, the Senate of the University of Toronto where she represented women in the medical profession (1912–24), the Toronto Board of Education (1892–96), the University Women’s Club, the Women’s Art Association, the Women’s Board at Toronto Western Hospital, and the Women’s Canadian Club. She was also active in the suffrage, temperance and other social movements. She was among the founders of the National Council of Women in 1893, (President) of the Canadian Suffrage Association, (Vice-President) of the National Council of Women, and she succeeded her mother as President of the Dominion Women’s Enfranchisement Association in 1903. In 1935 she was awarded the Order of the British Empire.

Scope and content

The fonds consists of Augusta Stowe-Gullen’s records pertaining to her activities as a medical doctor and a suffragette, and to her personal life; and of Frederick Cecil Gullen’s records pertaining to his family’s history. It consists of three series.

Source of supplied title

Title based on contents of the fonds.


The fonds is stored in 7 boxes.

Immediate source of acquisition

Material that has not been given an accession numnber was acquired from Frederick Cecil Gullen between 1945 and 1960, and from Hudson J. Stowe in 1983 and 1985. Both were nephews of Augusta Stowe Gullen. Frederick Cecil Gullen was the Executor of her Estate. Material with accession number 2011.11 was acquired from Patricia (Gullen) Fedak in 2011.

Terms governing use and reproduction: Part of the fonds is available on microfilm which researchers are requested to use unless an enquiry can be satisfied only by consulting original documents. For further information contact the Chief Librarian.

Language of material


Access restrictions

Restrictions on access: No restrictions on access.


No further accruals are expected.

Access points

Provenance access point: Stowe-Gullen, Augusta, 1857–1943
Gullen, Frederick Cecil, 1882–1961

Related material

Biographical material (printed address; clippings) are held at Victoria University Archives.

Archival materials relating to Emily Stowe and Augusta Stowe-Gullen are available for consultation in the Wilfrid Laurier University Archives

Related special collections at Victoria University Library
Related exhibitions at Victoria University Library

Canadian Heritage at Victoria University Library exhibit provides a sampling from the impressive Canadian manuscript collections held within the library. From the early nineteenth century missionary, James Evans, to the seminal geologist, A.P. Coleman, to the medical doctor and suffrage worker, Augusta Stowe-Gullen, this selection of the library’s treasures is an informative display.

Related resources

Sanders, Byrne H. Famous Women: Carr, Hind, Gullen, Murphy. Toronto: Clarke, Irwin, 1958.

“Dr. Augusta Stowe-Gullen, Toronto, Ont.” Women of Canada. Montreal: Women of Canada Publ. Co, 1930.

Gilman, Charlotte P. Women and Economics: A Study of the Economic Relation Between Men and Women as a Factor in Social Evolution. Boston: Small, Maynard & Co, 1900.
The back endpapers of the book are inscribed with notes by Augusta Stowe-Gullen.

Hacker, Carlotta. The Indomitable Lady Doctors. Halifax, Nova Scotia: Goodread Biographies, 1984.

Smith, Kathleen. “Dr. Augusta Stowe-Gullen: A Pioneer of Social Conscience.” Canadian Medical Association Journal, vol. 126, no. 12, 1982, pp. 1465–1467. 

Stowe-Gullen, Augusta. A Brief History of the Ontario Medical College for Women. 1906.

Stowe-Gullen, Augusta. History of the Formation of National Council of Women of Canada. 1931.

Stowe-Gullen, Augusta. “Woman as a Physician”. Woman, Maiden, Wife and Mother: A Study of Woman's Worth and Work in All Departments of Her Manifold Life, Education, Business, Society, Housekeeping, Health, Physical Culture, Marriage and Kindred Matters, edited by B.F. Austin. Toronto: The Linscott Publishing Company, 1898.

The Gerritsen Collection: Women’s History Online includes additional material by or about Augusta Stowe-Gullen appearing in journals and other publications.

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