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VIC171 Methodology, Theory & Practice in the Natural Sciences

Conducting Research in History & Philosophy of Science

The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
A peer-reviewed online encyclopedia including nearly all areas of philosophy. It is a great place to begin your research and develop background knowledge of a particular philosopher or philosophical position.

Each entry has an extensive bibliography with recommended resources for further reading and potential sources for your essay.

Oxford Bibliographies: Philosophy
A bibliography is a list of the books of an author or publisher, or on a specific subject. Oxford Bibliographies, compiled by scholars and librarians, contain extensive lists of annotated titles on many topics within the study of virtue ethics and moral theory. It is a great way to find authoritative sources on your topic.

Each subject contains an extensive introduction (which provides an overview of the topic) as well as a list of annotated titles of books, arranged by category.

Philosopher’s Index
The most current and comprehensive bibliography of scholarly research in philosophy. It is a great place to search for book chapters and articles when doing more in-depth research.

You can use it to find books and articles that have been written on a specific topic, or to see all the work done by a particular author.

History of Science, Technology, and Medicine
A comprehensive bibliography of journal articles, conference proceedings, books, book reviews, and dissertations in the history of science and technology and related disciplines.

The Library Catalogue
Find books by title, by particular author, or a specific subject. It contains books and other sources of all U of T campus libraries. You can also search by using keywords.

Additional Resources
Other major research resources in the field of philosophy and history (including history of science and medicine are listed on the University of Toronto Libraries website.

Writing Handbook

Vaughn, Lewis, and Jillian Scott McIntosh. Writing Philosophy: A Guide for Canadian Students. 2nd ed., Oxford University Press, 2013.

An excellent, concise guide to writing philosophy papers. It includes information on identifying and evaluating philosophical arguments, supporting and defending a thesis, using, quoting, and documenting sources, and other topics.

Citation & Style Guides


A new, updated edition of the manual was released in September 2017.

MLA (Modern Language Association)

APA (American Psychological Association)

Research & Writing Support

Research Help

  • online
  • in-person (advanced notice required): Agatha Barc, Librarian, E.J. Pratt Library,

Writing Help

Please book an appointment at the Victoria College Writing Centre.

Seminar Materials

created by: Agatha Barc | updated: 26 March 2019